IBIZA'S FLORA

IBIZA'S FLORA

The varied flora on the island of Ibiza is made up of almost a thousand species. Mediterranean species form the backbone of Ibizan flora, which is bio-geographically rich which make clear the different origins and the diverse connections which the Pitiusian flora has been subject to throughout its history. The species which are found in the countryside of the Pitiusas island are very varied, including the following: carrasco pine (Pinus halepensis), pine-nut tree (Pinus pinea), juniper tree (Juniperus oxycedrus), ghost tree (Juniperus phoenicea), kermes oak (Quercus coccifera), flamula (Clematis flammula), clematis (Clematis cirrhosa), little olive tree (Cneorum tricoccon), mastic (Pistacia lentiscus), spurge flax (Daphne gnidium), lamiaceae (Thymelaea hirsuta), rock rose (Cistus albidus, C. monspeliensis, C. salviaefolius, C. clusii), myrtle (Myrtus communis), strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo), heather (Erica multiflora), white heather (Erica arborea) aleppo pine (Phillyrea angustifolia), oleander (Nerium oleander), thyme (Teucrium capitatum), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), garden lavender (Lavandula dentata), Sant Joan garden thyme (Thymus capitatus), honeysuckle or eglantine (Lonicera implexa), camomile (Helichrysum stoechas), summer asphodel or asphodel common (Asphodelus microcarpus), asphodel hollow (Asphodelus fistulosus), escila (Urginea maritima), sarsaparrilla (Smilax aspera) and the blue Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) are characteristic examples. Ten species or subspecies are currently said to be endemic to the island of Ibiza or the little isles that surround it; (Allium grosii, Allium sphaerocephalon subsp. ebusitanum, Avenula crassifolia, Euphorbia margalidiana, Genista dorycnifolia subsp. dorycnifolia Genista dorycnifolia subsp. grosii, Hippocrepis grosii, Leucanthemum paludosum subsp. ebusitanum, Teucrium cossonii subsp. punicum, Thymus richardii subsp. ebusitanus), while only six species of flora are actually shared between the islands of Ibiza and Formentera; (Allium antoni-bolosii subsp. eivissanum, Biscutella ebusitana, Carduus bourgeanus subsp. ibicensis, Dactylis glomerata subsp. nestorii, Galium friedrichii, Limonium grosii).
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